Some authors regarded Vesperus serranoi as a synonym of Vesperus conicicollis;
according to Vives (2000) Vesperus conicicollis = Vesperus baesuriensis.
Prinobius was often regarded as a subgenus of Macrotoma.
The tribe system of Lepturinae (with Rhamnusiini, Oxymirini, Enoploderini and so on)
is more or less agree with P.©vácha divisions (in ©vácha, Danilevsky, 1989), but Enoploderini is regarded
as separate. Rhamnusiini, Oxymirini and Enoploderini were named by Danilevsky in "A Check-list #"
(Althoff and Danilevsky, 1977).
Rhamnusium gracilicorne and Rhamnusium bicolor are often considered as synonyms.
Vadonia hirsuta is often considered as an individual variation of Vadonia unipunctata
(see Panin and Savulescu, 1961).
We used (after C.Pesarini and A.Sabbadini, 1994) Leptura annularis F., 1801 as a replacement name
for L. arcuata Panzer, 1793 (not Linnaeus, 1758). The species was recorded for Andorra (Vives, 1984)
and as probable for other Pyrenees localities (Vives, 2000).
G.Sama (1991) proposed to change the name Tetropium in the oldest name Isarthron,
ignoring Opinion No 1473 (1988) on the conservation of Tetropium.
The replacement names are used according to proposals by G.Sama (1991).
According to A.Miroshnikov (personal communication of 2003), Brullé (1832: 258) introduced:
"Lamia (Morinus Serville ined.) lugubris Fabr." and "Lamia (Morinus Serville ined.)
funesta Fabricius", but in same publication in "Errata": "Morinus, lisez Morimus".
So the name Morimus Brullé, 1832 must be used and proposal of G.Sama (1991: 126):
"Morinus Brullé, 1832 = Morimus Serville, 1835" can not be accepted.
E.Vives (2000) insists on Niphona Mulsant, 1839, instead of Nyphona Dejean, 1835;
according to G.Sama (1991) Nyphona Dejean, 1937.
Phymatoderus Dejean, 1937 is nomen nudum, so Phymatoderus Reitter, 1912 = Reitteroderus
Sama, 1991 (see Sama, 1999b).
In North Europe Gracilia minuta and Nathrius brevipennis are not native, but often
imported with wickerwood articles.
Taxonomy and distribution of Glaphyra are given according to G.Sama (1995).
The treating of western Xylosteus spinolae as a separate subspecies was proposed by G.Sama (1993).
(1993). The possible name of the taxon could be Xylosteus spinolae rufiventris. Afterwards
G.Sama (2002) regarded the difference between eastern and western populations as covered by individual
variability. More over Xylosteus spinolae = Xylosteus rufiventris because of same type locality.
Specimens of Vadonia livida with vertical and radial directions of pronotal pubescence are often
mixed in one population, so we do not regard P. livida m. pecta (J.Daniel et K.Daniel, 1891) as a
subspecies, as well as m. desbrochersi (Pic, 1891) which is also often mixed with less tomented specimens.
West European population of Cerambyx cerdo do not show distinct differentiation on subspecies level,
still many authors joint Pyrenean populations together with ssp. mirbecki described from North Africa
(see Vives, 1984), as well as French populations together with ssp. pfisteri described from Sicily (see
Purpuricenus caucasicus was separated from P. budensis by A. Miroshnikov (Danilevsky,
Dubious records of Phymatodes lividus for several countries could based on imported specimens.
Records of Chlorophorus herbsti for NW Kazachstan (Plavilstshikov, 1940: 467) were connected
with Ch. elaeagni (Kostin, 1973: 184).
Old records of Dorcadion elegans for Hungary as well as possible occurrence in Poland are not reliable.
All specimens from the territory of the former USSR, identified as Pogonocherus ovatus, in
Plavilstshikov's collection in Moscow Zoological Museum, were in fact P. decoratus. No P. ovatus
from this area are known to the authors, so all records we consider as doubtful (we have not checked the
collections of Litva, Latvia and Estonia).
Many authors regard Pogonocherus taygetanus as a synonym or a South Greece
subspecies of Pogonocherus eugeniae.
G.Sama (1994b) joined European representatives of Acanthoderini in Nearctic genus Aegomorphus.
According to Monne (1994) the type species of Acanthoderesis Lamia varia F.,1787 = A. clavipes
(Schrank 1781)- designation of Bates (1861), but not South American Lamia daviesi, designated by
Thomson, 1864. In fact the text by Bates (1861: 19): "In A. varius, the European species which may be
considered typical of the genus" can not be regarded as the type designation of the genus.
G.Sama (1994) established species independence of Plagionotus siculus and used Prinobius myardi
Mulsant as a replacement name for P. scutellaris Germar, described as Prionus scutellaris
Germar (not Olivier, 1795).
Stenostola alboscutellata was recently regarded (Bense, 1995) as a synonym of Stenostola dubia.
Ropalopus fischeri was described from near Kharkov (East Ukraine), and mentioned as a separate
species from near Voronezh (Central Russia) by G.V. Lindeman (1963).
Xylotrechus asellus (= grumi) together with X. namanganensis (Heyden, 1885) were
separated in a new genus Turanoclytus Sama, 1994.
The synonymisations: Agapanthia lederi = A. helianthi and Clytus asellus =
Xylotrechus grumi were introduced by M.Danilevsky (1992b). Xylotrechus grumi was mentioned by
I. S. Zakharchenko (1957) for Transvolga region.
Oberea taygetana was treated as a synonym of Oberea erythrocephala by C. Demelt (1967).
We are not sure if the forms of Chlorophorus sartor with twice interrupted anterior elytral stripe
from France and Italy really represent a good subspecies, but the name "infensus" (Plavilstshikov, 1940)
is not suitable for it (used by C.Pesarini and A.Sabbadini, 1994), because this name was proposed for a very
rare individual aberration from Caucasus.
The common treatment of Spondylidinae as a separate subfamily close to Aseminae is a taxomic error
(see ©vácha, Danilevsky, 1987).
Phytoecia manicata, described from Syria, absent in Europe. All records of this species from
Europe due to Ph. pubescens, which is not close to Ph. manicata and can be easily distinguished
from the later by the absence of spines on the male coxae (Danilevsky, 1993).
Records of Agapanthia violacea were often connected with Agapanthia intermedia,
so the distributional data are provisional. Agapanthia intermedia was recorded for France
and Italy by G.Sama (2002).
Lucasianus levaillanti was recorded for Spain and Portugal by J.Plaza Lama (1990) and G.Sama (1992a).
Agapanthia reyi was considered by some authors as a synonym of A. annularis, or by
others as a synonym of A. asphodeli (Sama, 1992). I have accepted the last position after E.Vives (2000).
According to G.Sama (1988a) Phytoecia rufipes must be absent in Siberia and Central Asia,
because of its monophagy on Foeniculum. Phytoecia rufipes has continuous area from South Russia to
Siberia and Central Asia, were it was often collected by M. Danilevsky on Prangos. Before (Althoff,
Danilevsky, 1997) I regarded easten polulations of Phytoecia rufipes as Phytoecia sibirica
on the base of different food plant. I do not see considerable morphological differences between specimens
from West Europe and Russia. According G.Sama (2002:116) Phytoecia sibirica is a species.
G.Sama (1987) regarded Purpuricenus desfontainii inhumeralis as a separate subspecies and mentioned
the occurrence of Purpuricenus desfontainii desfontainii on Crete.
Shurmania was recently considered as a synonym of Alocerus (Holzschuh, 1995).
Purpuricenus caucasicus was treated as a separate species by A. Miroshnikov (1984),
but recently it was regarded as a subspecies of Purpuricenus budensis from Armenien Republic and Turkey
(Sabbadini and Pesarini, 1992).
Morimus ganglbaueri and Morimus funereus are often considered as synonyms of Morimus asper.
According to J.Simonetta (1989), all are species. According to G.Sama (1988) all are subspecies.
According to G.Sama (2002), Morimus verecundus is also a subspecies of Morimus asper;
Morimus from European Turkey was accepted as Morimus orientalis.
Phytoecia hispanica Breuning was considered as a synonym of Phytoecia coerulea by Gonzalez
(1995b), as a synonym of Phytoecia erythrocnema by Vives (2000) and as a synonym of Phytoecia
malachitica by J.Sudre (2000), that seems to be correct.
Echinocerus scalaris (as well as Phoracantha semipunctata) was mentioned for Spain by J.Plaza
Lama et J.de Ferrer (1988).
We include West Europe in the area of Tetrops gilvipes following P.Berger (1985), though the
distribution of this species in Europe rests unclear.
C.Pesarini and A.Sabbadini (1994) regard that Tetrops gilvipes (described from Transcaucasie)
absent in West Europe, and black Tetrops with pale legs from West Europe can be a separate species
Tetrops nigra or a dark form of Tetrops praeusta.
A series of Tetrops gilvipes was collected in Rostov Region of South Russia (Egorlykskaia,
13-14.5.2003) by D.Kasatkin (personal communication, 2003).
The subspecies rank of Agapanthia cardui pannonica was established by J.M.Gutowski (1992).
Siberian Anoplodera rufiventris (Gebler, 1830) absent in Europe. The records of this species for
Roumania (Kaszab, 1971; Pesarini, Sabbadini, 1994) based on the very doubtful synonymisation:
A. rufiventris = Leptura nigroflava Fuss, 1852, are not correct. Different authors proposed
different synonyms for L. nigroflava: Evodinellus borealis, Brachyta variabilis,
B. borni and so on.
The African species Chlorophorus pelletieri was mentioned for France and Spain by Villiers (1946)
after wrong determination Villiers (1974a, 1978), as well as for Italy by G.Sama (1988) after S.de Bertolini
(1875, 1899), see G.Sama (1988). But recently (Pesarini and Sabbadini, 1995) it was once more regarded as
questionable member of European fauna.
G.Sama (1987) proposed to regard Grammoptera bipustulata as a subspecies of Grammoptera
auricollis and then (Sama, 1996) considered its population from Crete as a separate subspecies
Grammoptera auricollis basicornis.
Phytoecia (Helladia) millefolii alziari Sama, 1992, described from Cyprus and Turkey, was
mentioned for Crete by C.Pesarini and A.Sabbadini (1994).
The original locality of Vesperus creticus is not clear (see Bense, 1995: 470).
G.Sama (1982) recorded Purpuricenus nanus Semenov, 1907 for Greece due to the wrong label
The distribution of Stenopterus rufus geniculatus is shown according to G.Sama (1995b).
G.Sama (1996) regarded the name Clytus robertae as nomen nudum, but we are not sure if it is
really fitting to the conditions of the Art. 15 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature
We show here the subgenus construction of Pedostrangalia proposed by G.Sama (1992b),
though it seems to be doubtful. Pedostrangalia circaocularis (Pic, 1934) = Pedostrangalia variicornis (Matsushita, 1933,
nec Dalman, 1817) - type species of Etorofus, and Pedostrangalia pubescens are rather different
(structure of apical abdominal segments, tarsi and so on). According to G.Sama (2002), Etorufus is a genus.
We accepted the separation of E. clathratus and E. borealis in different subgenera after
C.Pesarini and A.Sabbadini (1994).
We tried to composed all species of Dorcadion (Pedestredorcadion) in natural groups, but proposed
order of species can't completely reflect our point of view as several species rest unknown to us.
Macroleptura thoracica was often regarded as a representative of american genus
Stenelytrana Gistl, 1848 (= Stenura Dejean, 1835; = Megaleptura Chemsak, 1964).
The records of Mesoprionus besicanus for Crete seem to be based on wrong determinations of
Mesoprionus batelkai (Sláma, 1996).
Purpuricenus caucasicus was recorded for Macedonia by M.Sláma and J. Slámová (1996) with question
mark; later this population was described as Purpuricenus renyvonae.
Stenopterus atricornis was recorded as a species for Greece (Sláma and Slámová, 1996).
The synonymy Vadonia parnassensis (Pic) = Vadonia aspoeckorum Holzschuh was published by
Sláma and Slámová (1996).
Anastrangalia dubia moreana was regarded as a Peloponnese subspecies (Sláma and Slámová, 1996).
Several authers (for example Sláma and Slámová, 1996) regard Phymatodes pusillus barbipes as
a good subspecies, but such separation can not be considered as generally accepted.
All records of Cortodera discolor Fairmaire for Europe could be connected with wrong identification
of recently described Cortodera steineri Sama, 1997.
Echinocerus andreui (Fuente, 1910) is revalidated by J.I.Lopez-Colon (1997) as a species,
but E.Vives (2000) regarded it as subspecies of Echinocerus bobelayei (though in Plagionotus).
According to S.V.Saluk (personal communication), Deilus fugax (Olivier) was found in Pripiat National
Reserve. The species was recorded for NW Kazakhstan (Embulatovka River) by Tsherepanov (1981).
According to S.V.Saluk (personal communication), several specimens of Pogonocherus decoratus were
reared by him from Pinus pallasiana branches collected in Crimea near Gurzuf.
In spite of G.Sama's opinion (1987), M.Sláma (1997) insists on the original treatment of
Grammoptera bipustulata Steiner as separate species.
The records of Lepturalia nigripes rufipennis for Europe (Adlbauer, 1990; Adlbauer, Egger, 1997) were
based on single specimens with reddish elytrae, which occasionally occur in all area of nominative subspecies
as well as specimens with yellowish elytrae are spread over the area of Lepturalia nigripes rufipennis.
Usually the name "Rhesus" attributed to Motschulsky was used for the genus. But originally
"Rhesus" was introduced for Prionus serricollis Motsch. by J.Thomson (1860), non Lesson (1840).
The subspecies structure of Dorcadion minutum Kraatz, 1873 is prepared according to the oppinion of
S.Steiner (private letter of 28.3.99).
I accepted only two of three generic names proposed for European fauna by Miroshnikov (1998a,b).
Leptura tesserula (the type species of his Batesiata) is so close to L. fulva (the type
speciea of his Paracorymbia) that I regard Paracorymbia = Batesiata. I prefer to place
in Aredolpona (= Corymbia) only three species and all others leave in Paracorymbia,
including Melanoleptura as a subgenus. According to E.Vives (2000) Corymbia Gozis, 1886 is a
junior homonym of Corymbia Walker, 1865 (described in Noctuidae, now in Notodontidae) and must be
changed in Aredolpona Nakane et Hayashi, 1957. The necessaty of the name change is evident as Corymbia
Walker is not "nomen oblitum" according to the Article 23.9.1. of ICZN (1999) and was mentioned among
valid names in "The Genera Names of Moths of the World." Vol.2. London. 1980: 44
(by Watson, A., Fletcher, D.C. and Nye, I.W.B. in Nye I.W.B.).
According to G.Sama (1995) Oplosia fennica (Paykull, 1800) was described as Lamia fennica
(nec L., 1758), and must be replaced by Oplosia cinerea (Mulsant, 1839).
Iberodorcadion lusitanicum mimomucidum (see Vives, 2000, 2001) was regarded as a separate
species (Serrano et al., 1997; Romero Samper, 2002).
Molorchus umbellatarum was recorded for Norway by J.Skartveit (1997).
Dorcadion (Iberodorcadion) vanhoegaerdeni Breuning was regarded as a synonym of
Iberodorcadion (Hispanodorcadion) heydeni (Vives, 1983, 2000) or as a species (Tome, 1997).
Glaphyra marmottani was recorded for Spain by E. Vives (1997).
According to P.Berger (1997), Iberodorcadion fuliginator navarricum = Iberodorcadion fuliginator urgulli.
Aegomorphus (as Acanthoderes) krueperi was recorded for Bulgaria by Bringmann (1997).
Aegomorphus francottei was recorded for France by Allemand, Brustel and Clary (2002).
Strangalia attenuata was recorded for Spain by M.I.Perez et al. (1997).
Saperda similis was recorded for Estonia (Martin, 1991) and for Bulgaria (Georgiev and Samuelian, 2000).
Mesocerambyx Zahaikevitch, 1991 (nec Mesocerambyx Breuning et Hitzinger, 1943) must be
replaced. Mesocermabyx together with Microcerambyx were regarded as synonyms of Cerambyx
by E.Vives (2000) and G.Sama (2002).
Oberea linearis was recorded for Sardinia by C. Meloni (1987)
Paracorymbia cordigera was recorded for Czechia by J.Vávra (1996).
Phytoecia algerica was recorded for Spain (Vives, 1996).
Callidiellum rufipenne was recorded for Spain (Bahilo de la PUEBLA et ITURRONDOBEITIA BILBAO, 1995).
H.D.Bringmann (1995) recorded for Bulgaria Agapanthia lais, Agapanthia osmanlis
and Agapanthia frivaldskyi. Agapanthia osmanlis was recorded for Hungary by Kovacs (1997).
Agapanthia leucaspis was recorded for Austria (Bohme, 1994).
Glaphyra umbellatarum was recorded for Estonia (Milander, 1994).
Chlorophorus varius was introduced to Sweden (Warmling, Ahnlund, 1994).
Leioderes kollari was recorded for Switzerland (Scherler, 1993).
Stenopterus mauritanicus was regarded (Bahillo de la Puebla, 1992) as a subspecies of
Tetrops starki was recorded for Great Britain (Harrison, 1992).
Cortodera flavimana was recorded for Slovakia ("Hohe Tatra") by G.Kremer (1992).
Chlorophorus figuratus was recorded for Sardinia (Meloni, 1992).
Asias halodendri was recorded for Albania (Muraj, 1960), Bulgaria (Angelov, 1995)and Ukraine
(Zahaikevitch, 1991: 79, 146) as Asias ephippium. Now I preliminary divided Asias halodendri
(described from Irtysh River in NE Kazakhstan and distributed from West Europe to Korea) into several
subspecies. Asias halodendri ephippium (described from Terek River in NE Caucasus) is distributed
from W Europe to NW Kazakhstan.
According to Suda, Milander (1998): Pidonia lurida, Anastrangalia dubia, Monochamus sartor
and Pogonocherus ovatus are absent in Estonia. The presence of Anoplodera rufipes,
Pachytodes cerambyciformis, Cerambyx scopolii, Plagionotus arcuatus and Stenostola dubia
is rather doubtful. According to E.Vives (2000) Anoplodera rufipes (Schaller, 1783) was described as
Leptura rufipes (not Goeze, 1777) and must be replaced to Anoplodera krueperi (Ganglbauer, 1882).
The change can not be accepted according to the Article 23.9. of ICZN (1999).
Xylosteus caucasicola was recorded for European Turkey and Cortodera umbripennisfor
Bulgaria (Sama, Rapuzzi, 1999). I prefer now to regard Cortodera umbripennis as a subspecies of
Cortodera alpina (described from Daghestan). It is very probable, that last record was connected with
very close Cortodera khatchikovi Danilevsky, 2001.
All known Xylosteus taxa are definitely vicariant, and all could be regarded as subspecies.
According to G.Sama and P.Rapuzzi (1999), the position of A.Miroshnikov (1998) to regard
Xylosteus caucasicola as a very distinct species was connected with the fact, that true
Xylosteus spinolae (from Roumania) was unknown to A.Miroshnikov, who compared Caucasian
Xylosteus caucasicola with western populations of Xylosteus spinolae
(Xylosteus spinolae rufiventris?), while Xylosteus spinolae spinolae is much closer to
In order to maintain these relations G.Sama and P.Rapuzzi (1999) identified Xylosteus from
European Turkey (as well as Xylosteus from Bolu) as Xylosteus spinolae caucasicola.
After a description of Bolu Xylosteus as Xylosteus kadleci Miroshnikov, 2000
(the author also supposed the subspecies rank of his taxon) it became impossible to leave the name
"caucasicola" for the population from European Turkey. Until a new name for that population is
established I regard it as Xylosteus spinolae.
According to G.Sama (1999b, 2002): Chlorophorus glabromaculatus is a distinct species (absent in Austria).
Trichoferus holosericeus (Rossi, 1790) = T. cinereus (Villers, 1789), described as Cerambyx,
not Cerambyx cinereus De Geer, 1775. Ropalopus varini Bedel, 1870 = Ropalopus spinicornis
(Abeille, 1869), described as Callidium, not Callidium spinicorne Olivier, 1795.
Chlorophorus pilosus and Morimus asper ganglbaueri are firstly recorded for Italy.
Saperda perforata is confirmed for Italy.
According to personal comunication by D.Telnov (November 2000), Cyrtoclytus capra was found in Latvia.
It is necessary to accept the old point of view (Karpinsky, 1948) - Alosterna ingrica is a separate species.
Psilotarsus brachypterus hemipterus was recorded for Orenburg (Russia) by Danilevsky (2000).
Pseudosphegestes cinerea, Isotomus speciosus and Phytoecia scutellata were listed
for Germany by Köhler and Klauznitzer (1998). Isotomus speciosus was recorded for Switzerland and
France (as well as for Germany) by Allenspach (1973), but according to Sama(2002), it is absent in all
According to Vives (2000), Macrotoma Serville, 1832 - June is a junitor homonym of
Macrotoma Laporte, 1832 - April (Diptera). The necessaty of the name change must be checked in agree
with Article 23.9.1. of ICZN (1999). But even if it must be changed, the necessity of new tribal name
(Prinobiini Vives, 2000) is doubtful. Severa other names can be used: Mallodonitae Thomson, 1860; Stenodontines
According to Vives (2000), Macrotoma germari Dejean, 1835 is a valid name.
Meroscelisitae J.Thomson, 1860 (after Monne et Giesbert, 1993)
According to Vives (2000) the correct names of the subfamily and tribe are respectively
Spondylidinae and Spondylidini. According to P.©vácha (personal communication of 2002):
"the first to realize that Spondylidinae is the correct spelling (and, moreover, Spondylinae is a homonym)
was probably Silfverberg in the 1992 edition of Enumeratio Coleopterorum Fennoscandiae and Daniae, and that
info was introduced to broad coleopterist attention by Lawrence and Newton in the overview of beetle families
and subfamilies published 1995 in the memorial volume to Crowson's 80th birthday."
The presence of Phoracantha recurva in Spain was recorded by Luiz et Barranco (1998).
According to E.Vives (2000) Penichroa fasciata (desribed as Callidium fasciatum
Stephens, 1831, not Herbst, 1784, not Billberg, 1817) must be replaced with Penichroa timida (Menetries, 1831).
The necessity of the name change must be checked in agree with Article 23.9.1. of ICZN (1999).
Hesperophanes, Deroplia, Anaesthetis, Stenostola and Exocentrus are
attributed by E.Vives (2000) to Dejean, 1835, as well as Purpuricenus globulicollis to Dejean, 1839;
Stenocorus to Geoffroy, 1762; Vesperus, Purpuricenus and Parmena to Dejean, 1821;
Opsilia to Mulsant, 1862; O. malachitica to Mulsant, 1846; Phytoecia erythrocnema to Lucas,
1846; Oberea to Mulsant, 1835.
Tetropium fuscum was recorded for Spain (Sanchez, Tolosa, 1999) based on wrong determination of
Asemum tenuicorne (Vives, 2000).
E.Vives (2000) paid attention to the female gender of Calchaenesthes.
E.Vives (2000) proposed for Ropalopus clavipes (F., 1775) the oldest name Ropalopus nigroplanus
(Degeer, 1775); for Grammoptera ruficornis (F.,1781) - Grammoptera atra (F., 1775).
The changes can not be accepted according to the Article 23.9. of ICZN (1999).
Iberodorcadion (Hispanodorcadion) mosqueruelense var. pseudomolitor is regarded as a
species (Gonzalez et al., 2000; 2001).
According to E.Vives (2000) Paraphymatodes fasciatus (described as Cerambyx fasciatus Villers,
1789, not Scopoli, 1763, not Degeer, 1775, not F., 1775, not Geoffroy, 1785, not Villers, 1789) must be
replaced with P. unifasciatus (Rossi, 1790). The necessity of the name change must be checked in agree
with Article 23.9.1. of ICZN (1999)
The name "Plagionotus marcorum" was used instead of Plagionotus marcae ("An incorrect
original spelling" according to the Art. 32d (ICZN, 1985) by J.I. López-Colón (1998)
Two genera Rhagium and Rhamnusium were separated by E.Vives (2000) in a small tribe Rhagiini,
while other genera (including Oxymirus) are grouped in tribe "Toxotini", though the name Toxotus
is a synonym of Stenocorus.
According to A.Miroshnikov (1998: 596) the correct name of African subspecies of Melanoleptura scutellata
is Melanoleptura scutellata melas (Lucas, 1849), but not generally accepted (Aurivillius, 1912; Winkler,
1929; Villiers, 1946; Sama, 1988; Vives, 1994; Althoff, Danilevsky, 1997) - melaena (Lucas, 1849).
E.Vives (2000) accepted Melanoleptura scutellata melas, but another dated: Lucas, 1846 (?), as well
as G.Sama (2002), who stated on the absence of "Stictoleptura scutellata melas" in Spain.
According to A.Villiers (1978) - Leptura otini Peyerimhoff, 1945; according to E.Vives (2000) -
Leptura otini Peyerimhoff, 1949.
Judolia sexmaculata was recorded for Andorra (Vives, 1984) and as probable for other Pyrenees
localities (Vives, 2000).
Following E.Vives (2000) I accept the spelling Stenurella approximans; before it was spelled
"aproximans" (Vives, 1984; Bense, 1995).
Vesperus bolivari Oliveira, 1893 (Vives, 2000) was previously attributed to Paulino, 1893
(Vives, 1984) - evidently the same author.
According to E.Vives (2000) Carinatodorcadion is a junior synonym of Dorcadodium.
According to E.Vives (2000) Iberodorcadion fuliginator meridionale =
Iberodorcadion fuliginator navarricum. A.Villiers (1978) regarded both as different.
According to E.Vives (2000) Iberodorcadion fuliginator meridionale = Iberodorcadion loarrense
Berger, 1997. According to J. Romero Samper (2002), it is a species. Until my own opinion will be formed
I've placed this name among subspecies of Iberodorcadion fuliginator.
According to E.Vives (2000), Iberodorcadion seoanei kricheldorffi = Iberodorcadion lainzgalloi
Rodrigues-Gracia, 1996. Until my own opinion will be formed I've placed this name among subspecies of
According to E.Vives (2000), the status of Dorcadion (Iberodorcadion) ceballosi Breuning, 1948
is "incertae sedis". Before (Vives, 1984) it was regarded as a synonym of Iberodorcadion iserni.
According to E. Vives (2000), Iberodorcadion coelloi is a subspecies of
Iberodorcadion mucidum; according to Romero Samper (2002) - species.
According to E. Vives (2000), Iberodorcadion nigrosparsum Verdugo, 1993 (the name was introduced
by M.Pic 1941 as variation) is a synonym of Iberodorcadion mucidum annulicorne. According to Romero Samper
(2002) and Verdugo (2003) - species.
A new synonym - Iberodorcadion seguntianum = Dorcadion (Iberodorcadion) ruspolii
Breuning, 1974 was independently proposed by two authors: M.Tomé (1999) and then E.Vives (2000). Until my
own opinion will be formed I regard it as a subspecies of Iberodorcadion seguntianum.
A separate (according to M.Tomé, 1999, that was accepted by Vives, 2000) species Iberodorcadion (H.)
becerrae was previously (Vives, 1983, 1984) regarded as a subspecies of Iberodorcadion seguntianum.
According to M.Tome (1999), Dorcadion (Iberodorcadion) becerrae pulvipenne morph.
parterreductum Breuning 1976 is a synonym of Iberodorcadion (H.) seguntianum.
Dorcadion (Iberodorcadion) turdetanum morph. superdenudatum Breuning 1967 is a synonym of
Iberodorcadion (Hispanodorcadion) seguntianum. Both names (partereductum and superdenudatum)
were missed by E. Vives (2000).
According to E.Vives (2000, 2001), Iberodorcadion (H.) marinae is a subspecies of
Iberodorcadion albicans, according to Romero Samper (2002) - species.
According to E.Vives (2000) Iberodorcadion ghiliani includes three subspecies: nominative,
Iberodorcadion ghilianii ortunoi and Iberodorcadion ghilianii cercedillanum;
Iberodorcadion perezi and Iberodorcadion hispanicum (with two subspecies: nominative and
Iberodorcadion hispanicum nudipenne) are species.
According to Vives (2001), Iberodorcadion perezi ghilainii is a subspecies of
Iberodorcadion perezi, as well as Iberodorcadion perezi hispanicum and
Iberodorcadion perezi ortunoi; the names "cercedillanum" and "nudipenne" were omitted.
The name "cercedillanum" was not used by J. Romero Samper (2002), but "nudipenne" was regarded
as a variation (without subspecies attribution?).
According to E.Vives (2000), Parmena pubescens breuningi Vives, 1979 is a subspecies of
Parmena solieri. According to A. Vives (2001) it is a species.
E.Vives (2000) accepted the original spelling Aplocnemia Stephens, 1831, which was changed in right
form Aphelocnemia in the erratum to the original publication (according to Villiers, 1978, in 1831: 414;
according to Vives, 2000, in 1832: 406
According to E.Vives (2000), Aegomorphus clavipes (Schrank, 1781) was described as Cerambyx
(not Forster, 1771) and must be replaced to A. varius (F., 1787). The change can not be accepted
according to the Article 23.9. of ICZN (1999).
According to E.Vives, the date of Pityphilus Mulsant is 1862.
According to E.Vives, Pogonocherus ovatus Goeze, 1777 was described as Cerambyx (not Sulzer,
1776) and must be replaced by Pogonocherus ovalis (Gmelin, 1790). The change can not be accepted
according to the Article 23.9. of ICZN (1999)
According to E.Vives, the date of Pogonocherus caroli Mulsant is 1862.
The tribe Rhodopinini seems to be composed of only one genus Rhodopina close to Lamiini.
According to Linsley et Chemsak (1985), the tribe Desmiphorini (the name accepted by Vives, 2000), is very
special and limited by American species. Other genera usually included in tribe Apodasyini are also not relatives.
E.Vives (2000) regards Cerambyx carcharias L., 1758 as type species of Saperda (Westwood
designation, 1840), while in fact it is Cerambyx scalaris L., 1758 (Curtis designation, 1829). So,
Anaerea is not a synonym of Saperda. I prefer now to regard Saperda s.l. consisting of
several subgenera including Lopezcolonia (replacing name for Argalia Mulsant, 1862 not Gray, 1846).
Lopezcolonia was regarded as a genus (Vives, 2000), or (Vives, 2001) as a subgenus of Saperda.
Asemum tenuicorne was recorded for Spain by E.Vives (2000b).
According to G.Sama (1999c), Dorcadion olympicum = Dorcadion obsoletum.
Chlorophorus trifasciatus was recorded for Sardinia by Meloni (1999); for Austria by
Bense (1995); according to G.Sama (2002) absent in Austria.
Arhopalus syriacus, Oxypleurus nodieri and Pyrrhidium sanguineum were reported for
Sardinia by B.Colonna (1999).
Acmaeops marginatus, Akimerus schaefferi, Brachyleptura erythroptera,
Obrium brunneum, Tetropium castaneum were recorded for Greece by P.Berger (2000).
According to G.Sama (2002), Stictoleptura erythroptera absent in Italy, as well as
Rhagium inquisitor was recorded for Sicily by C. Baviera (1999) and for Crimea by Bartenev (1989).
I regard three more species (Rhagium bifasciatum, Rhagium mordaxand Rhagium sycophanta) as
very possible for Crimea.
Callidium aeneum was recorded for Netherlands by J.G.M.Cuppen (1999).
Nathrius berlandi was recorded for Spain by M.Sláma et A.S.Sorli (2001).
According to Hernandez (2000) and Romero Samper (2002), Iberodorcadion perezi includes
ssp. ghiliani, ssp. ortunoi and ssp. hispanicum.
According to E.Vives (2001), Parmena cruciata Pic, 1912 is a species, which was wrongly identified in
Spain before (Vives, 2000) as Parmena pubescens algirica; the latter taxon absent in Spain. Earlier
(Vives, 2000) P. cruciata was regarded as a synonym of Parmena pubescens s.str.
Saperda perforata was recorded for Spain by Sanchez (2000) as a member of subgenus Lopezcolonia.
According to A.Verdugo (2001), Iberodorcadion mus (Rossi, 1856) = Iberodorcadion grisescens
(Escalera, 1900) = Iberodorcadion andalusiacum (Breuning, 1962).
Xylotrechus antilope var. sekerai Podaný, 1970 was described from Petrovac (Sutamore),
Yugoslavia. The name is infrasubspecific according to the Article 45.6.3 of ICZN (1999) as "varietas" described
after 1960. Paulian (1986) regarded "sekerai" as a subspecies distributed in Corsica. This case is not
connected with the Article 126.96.36.199, because that Article concerns only names, which are infrasubspecific by
the Article 45.6.4. So the author of the subspecies Xylotrechus antilope ssp. sekerai is
Paulian, 1986, and type locality of it is Corsica.
X. antilope ab. lentoi Paulian, 1979 (described from Corsica) is also infrasubspecific name.
But in 1986 Paulian established new synonymy: X. antilope sekerai = X. antilope lentoi, that made
the name "lentoi" valid. So now: X. antiliope ssp. sekerai Paulian, 1986 =
X. antiliope lentoi Paulian, 1986.
A.Paulian (1986) recorded for Corsica: A. gibbosus and Parmena balteus. According to
G.Sama (personal communication, 2003), Parmena balteus is impossible for Corsica.
According to Kovacs and Hegyessy (1997): Cortodera holosericea was collected on
Centaurea triumfettii (imagoes and larvae); Agapanthia maculicornis was collected on
Campanula glomerata; Xylotrechus pantherinus was regarded as Rusticoclytus.
According to Ziarko (1993), the records of Paracorymbia fulva and Molorchus kiesenwetteri
(and some other species) for Poland were based on wrong identifications of other species. Paracorymbia fulva
absent in Poland, the occurrence of Molorchus kiesenwetteri is rather doubtful.
The system of Cortodera species close to Cortodera reitteri and Cortodera ruthena was
revised by Danilevsky (2001ab).
The date of Dorcadion glicyrrhizae (Pallas), published as Cerambyx in "Reise durch verschiedene
Provinzen des Russischen Reichs, T.2", is 1773, as it was shown in the references to the article by Danilevsky
(2001a), but not 1771, as it was wrongly mentioned in the title of the article and in its text (pp. 1-4). The
mistake was left in the paper after first version of my text based on Breuning (1961) data.
The original spelling "glicyrrhizae" restored by me (Danilevsky, 1999), must be forgotten according
to the Article 188.8.131.52. of the ICZN (1999). The general accepted spelling "glycyrrhizae" must be used.
The occurrence of Dorcadion glycyrrhizae glycyrrhizae in Russia is rather doubtful. From Volgograd
environs to Kazakhstan border and northwards to Saratov Region Dorcadion glycyrrhizae striatum
is distributed (so Plavilstshikov's data for Saratov and Orenburg Regions were sure wrong).
Dorcadion glycyrrhizae glycyrrhizae can occur only in Astrakhan Region in sands eastwards Volga.
The type locality of Dorcadion glycyrrhizae striatum is "South Urals". In fact several rather different
populations of Dorcadion glycyrrhizae (includindg Dorcadion glycyrrhizae dubianskii) are known
from South Urals. I accepted as typical the population from the southmost point of Orenburg Region from the
valley of Shybyndy River (15 males and 4 females: Sol-Iletsk District, 25km southwards Pokrovka,
24-27.5.2002, L.Korzhikov leg.). It consists of rather big specimens with totally red tibiae, femora and
several basal antennal joints; frons is also usually red; female androchromal. Such specimens are very close
to Dorcadion glycyrrhizae striatum from Saratov and Volgograd Regions (with neihbour localities in
Kazakhstan: Dzhanybek env.).
I preliminary attribute to Dorcadion glycyrrhizae striatum several populations of small beetles from
middle part of Ural River Valley (right European bank) in Kazakhstan (eastwards Ural-city in Bykovka River
Valley and Ianvartzevo env.) and near Kalinovka (about 120km westwards Aktiubinsk).
The iterpretation of two species of European Stenostola is different in different publications.
According to Bílý and Mehl (1989), the species with more developed metallic lustre and rough elytral
punctationis is Stenostola ferrea ("Body black with slight metallic lustre. Elytra with coarse
punctuation." Villiers (1978) accepted the same position: "Corp d'un noir ardoisé, a net reflet métallique."
But for Bense (1995) Stenostola ferrea: "Elytra macroscopically without a blue metallic shine", and
Stenostola dubia: "Elytra macroscopically with a distinct blue shine". This position was accepted by
Heyrovský (1955), Plavistshikov (1965) and many other authors incuding Danilevsky and Miroshnikov (1985 -
so Stenostola ferrea maculipennis Holzschuh belongs to European species with less metallic lustre,
finer punctuation and denser pubescence). That is why all faunistical records of two species are doubtful.
According to Plavilstshikov (1965) Stenostola in the European part of the USSR was distributed
southwards from the south of forest areas. According to Bense (1995), Stenostola ferrea is distributed
in Baltic Republics; according to Alexandrovitch et al. (1996) Stenostola presents in Belarus.
I've got two males of Stenostola dubia (sensu Bense) from Vladimir Region (Koltchugino District,
Zhuravlikha, on Salix caprea, 9.5.2001, Svetlov leg.).
According to Kusama and Takakuwa (1984), Xylotrechus = Xyloclytus = Rusticoclytus.
Brachypteroma ottomanun was recorded for Switzerland by Ch.Germann (2000).
According to J.Sudre (2000): Phytoecia (Pilemia) hirsutula (Froelich 1793) =
Oxylia androsensis Breuning, 1963 = Phytoecia (Blepisanis) ciliciae Breuning, 1951 =
Phytoecia (Rubrophytoecia) moreana Breuning, 1943; Phytoecia malachitica (Lucas 1849) =
Phytoecia hispanica Breuning 1951
According to D.Kasatkin (personal communications, 2000-2002), in Rostov Region (South Russia)
Cortodera pumila was collected near Krasnyi Sulin and Phytoecia (H.) millefollii was collected
near Persianovka (1.05.2001 D.Gapon leg.).
The description of Dorcadion litigiosum otshakovi Suvorov, 1913 from near Kherson, was connected with
local Dorcadion pusillum. Possibly all records of Dorcadion litigiosum for Moldavia and Ukraine were
connected with very numerous in the region Dorcadion pusillum.
Cornumutilla quadrivittata was recorded for Moravia (Czechia) both by Heyrovský (1955) and Sláma (1998).
Rostov Region of Russia (Kasatkin, Arzanov, 1997), for Italy (Rapuzzi, 2002), for France (Berger, 1999).
The spelling "sieversi" was used in the original description. Breuning(1975) used wrong spelling:
"siewersi". The species was recorded for Crimea by Zahaikevitch (1991: 153).
The traditional (Aurivillius, 1912; Plavilstshikov, 1940; Heyrovský, 1967; Althoff, Danilevsky, 1997)
combination Paraclytus luteofasciatus (because of small elytral tubercles) seems to be not good enough.
The species looks to be more close to Anaglyptus (Bense, 1995).
The generic differences between Megopis and Aegosoma is generally accepted (Villiers, 1978;
Enoploderes sanguineum was recorded for Rostov Region of Russia by A.Miroshnikov (2000).
Pyrenoploderes Hayashi, 1960 was regarded as a subgenus of Enoploderes.
The published type locality of Certallum ebulinum is France. But the species description was based
on black-pronotum specimen. Such specimens are known from Spain as very rare and seem to be possible in France
(Villiers, 1978: "Seule la morpha ruficolle SEMBLE se rencontrer en France, #"). Such situation
caused the supposition of wrong definition of type locality by Linnaeus (Villier, 1978; Sama, 1988).
Sama (1988: 83) supposed the real locality of type specimen in North Africa and accepted Certallum ebulinum
ssp. ruficolle (described from Italy) distributed from Iberian Peninsula to Caucasus and Iran.
But I do not see the base for such supposition. The type specimen could really be collected in Europe
and then C. ebulinum = C. ruficolle.
Kasatkin (1999) recorded for Crimea: Dorcadion pedestre (Mt. Chatyr-Dag) and
Semanotus russicus (Ialta). Semanotus russicus was also mentioned by Zahaikevitch (1991: 70).
Cerambyx hieroglyphicus Pallas, 1773 was described from "Siberia". The taxon was accepted as easten
subspecies by Breuning (1952: 177) and Gressitt (1951: 554). It is characterized by constantly blue colour
of pale pubescence. It is agree with my specimens from Tuva and Russian Primorie Region.
The subspecies was recorded for "Lappland" by Breuning (1952), so can be distributed in North of the
European part of Russia, as well as in Norway, Sweden and Finland; and for "Nordeuropa" by Heyrovsky (1973).
Phytoecia pustulata from Kazakhstan and from SE Russia is sometimes without red pronotal spot,
and body is covered with very long dense white pubescence. Such specimens (m. pulla) from Kazakhstnan
and Uzbekistan (Karatau Ridge, Chatkal Ridge, Chu-Ili Mts and eastwards to Semipalatinsk) were described
as Phytoecia kryzhanovskii and must be regarded as Phytoecia pustulata ssp. pulla.
The subspecies was accepted by Heyrovský (1958) for Astrakhan env. In my collection
Phytoecia pustulata pulla is represented by a syntype (male) from Karatau, male from Dzhungarsky
Alatau, male from Sary-Chelek (Kirgizia) and a male from Chechnia (Caucasus). Some Kazakhstan and
Kirgizian populations can not be attributed to Phytoecia pustulata pulla, being rather typical
Phytoecia pustulata pustulata (Bishkek env., Kalbinsky Ridge).
According to A.Miroshnikov (personal communication of 2003), Brullé (1832: 258) introduced:
"Lamia (Morinus Serville ined.) lugubris Fabr." and "Lamia (Morinus
Serville ined.) funesta Fabr.", but in same publication in "Errata": "Morinus, lisez Morimus".
So the name Morimus Brullé, 1832 must be used and proposal of G.Sama (1991: 126): "Morinus
Brullé, 1832 = Morimus Serville, 1835" can not be accepterd.
A.Miroshnikov (1998: 392), affirmed, that E. Reitter's "Fauna Germanica. Die Käfer des Deutschen Reiches.
64. Familie: Cerambycidae" was published in 1913 (and not in 1912 as it is generally accepted).
So, according to his personal communication (2003), several names must be dated 1913:
Xylosteina [Xylosteini] Reitter, 1913: 5.
Megarhagium Reitter, 1913: 6 [Rhagium subgen.].
Lepturobosca Reitter, 1913: 17.
Lepturalia Reitter, 1913: 20.
Callidostola Reitter, 1913: 37 [Callidium subgen.].
Phymatoderus Reitter, 1913: 39 [Phymatodes subgen.]
Phymatodes (Poecilium) alnoides Reitter, 1913: 40 [Ph. (P.) alni ssp.].
Phymatodellus Reitter, 1913: 40 [Phymatodes subgen.].
Hesperandrius Reitter, 1913: 44-45 (syn. pro Trichoferus Wollaston, 1854).
Xyloclytus Reitter, 1913: 46 [Xylotrechus subgen.].
Pseudosphegesthes Reitter, 1913: 50.
According to A.Miroshnikov (personal communication, 2003), Ganglbauer's "Bestimmungs-Tabellen der
europäischen Coleopteren. VII. Cerambycidae" and "Bestimmungs-Tabellen der europäischen Coleopteren. VIII.
Cerambycidae" were first published in "Verhandlungen der k. k. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien",
1881 (Bd. XXXI, S. 681-757, Taf. XXII) and 1883 (Bd. XXXIII, S. 437-586).
Then same works were published as separata in 1882 [S. 3(681)-79(757), Taf. XXII] and 1884 [S. 3(437)-152(586)]
that caused a big confusion in subsequent citations.
Here are several important names from original publications by Ganglbauer (1881, 1883):
Cyrtoclytus: 688, 736.
Cortodera pumila: 710.
Icosium tomentosum atticum: 743.
Ropalopus lederi: 747.
Neodorcadion: 437, 508.
Dorcadion corcyricum: 453.
Dorcadion krueperi: 453.
Dorcadion oertzeni (syn. for Dorcadion parnassi Kraatz): 454.
Dorcadion litigiosum: 454.
Dorcadion granigerum: 458.
Dorcadion transsilvanicum: 462.
Dorcadion korbi: 469.
Dorcadion funestum: 501.
Pogonocherus plasoni: 526.
Exocentrus stierlini: 530.
Leiopus pachymerus (syn. for L. femoratus Fairmaire): 532.
Agapanthia lateralis: 541.
Agapanthia dahli sicula: 541.
Agapanthia lederi: 542.
Agapanthia intermedia: 543.
Agapanthia daurica: 544.
Agapanthia frivaldszkyi: 546.
Phytoecia bithynensis: 573.
Phytoecia affinis tuerki: 575.
According to Miroshnikov (personal communication, 2003) the original description of Exocentrus stierlini
was published two times in 1883: "Verhandlungen der k. k. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien",Bd. XXXIII:
530 and in "Wiener Entomologische Zeitung", II. Helf. 12. S. 298-299. Taf. IV, Fig. 3.
According to "Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien" the type locality is "Deutschland, Oesterreich", according to
"Wien. Entom. Ztg." - the type locality is "Europa media".
According to A.Miroshnikov (personal communication of 2003), the original spelling is
Phytoecia bithynensis. It can not be accepted, as "bithyniensis" is "in prevailing usage"
according to the Article 33.33.1 of ICZN.
According to A.Miroshnikov (personal communication of 2003), the separata of Jakowleff's article
"Nouvelles especes du genre Dorcadion Dalm." from "Horae Soc. Ent. Ross."(t. XXXIV, p. 59-70) were
distributed in May 1899. So, Jakowleff (1899) is the author of: Dorcadion ciscaucasicum: 1(59).
The record of Phytoecia (Cardoria) scutellata for Ukraine (Zahaikevitch, 1991: 151) was missed in our
list (Althoff, Danilevsky, 1997), as well as the record of Oxylia argentata for Crimea (Bartenev, 1989).
The introduction (followed with morphological description) of the name "Phytoecia subannulipes" by
Pic, 1910 ("Cette espece décrite de Syrie#") was undoubtedly a wrong spelling of Phytoecia subannularis
Pic, 1901, which was really "décrite de Syrie". It was repeated in form "Phytoecia subannulipes" once
more (Pic, 1911: 9). But later M.Pic (1915) declared that Phytoecia subannulipes is a Roumanien variation of
Then Breuning (1951: 375) accepted the name Phytoecia subannularis m. subannulipes as
"Variété insignifiante", without special area, but with a differencial diagnosis. The species was not included
in Roumanien fauna by Panin and Savulescu (1961).
Then Breuning (1966: 753) recorded Phytoecia annularis for Turkey and mentioned "m. subannulipes"
Recently Althoff and Danilevsky (1997) accepted Phytoecia annularis ssp. annulipes for Roumania.
According to G.Sama (personal communication, 2003), the records of the taxon for Roumania had to be
connected with Phytoecia icterica.
According to G.Sama (personal communication, 2003): "All species of Lucas 1849 (Expl. scient. Algerie)
must be dated 1846. The book was really dated 1849, but all the part dealing with Coleoptera was in fact
printed and distributed in 1846 (Horn & Schenkling, index Literaturae Entomologicae)".
According to G.Sama (personal communication, 2003), the records of Parmena balteus and
Axinopalpis gracilis (that one was connected with wrong data by Demelt, 1969, who made for
Corsica one more wrong record - Lampropterus femoratus) for Corsica by Bense (1995) were wrong,
as well as the data of Cerambyx nodulosus for Spain. The doubts with Demelt's data were published by
G.Sama (1988: 74). Demelt's data on L. femoratus for Corsica were accepted by Villiers (1978: 292),
but not accepted by Bense (1995). According to G.Sama (2002), the author of Axinopalpis is Dejean (1835);
before (Sama, 1988) - Axinopalpis Duponchel et Chevrolat, 1842.
As it was written to me by G.Sama (personal communication, 2003): "Semenov (1914) introduced Asias
a new name replacing Anoplistes Serville, 1833 not Westwood, 1831 (Diptera). I was able to consult
Neave (Nomenclator Zoologicus, 1939, 1: 216); according to it, Anoplistes was described by Westwood only
in 1835 (Anoplistes Westwood, 1835, London & Edinb., Phil. Mag., 3(6) (34): 280). This is confirmed by
Horn & Schenkling, 1929 (Index Litteraturae Entomologicae, series 1, band 4: 1312) where any Westwood's paper
dealing with Diptera is listed in 1831, while is confirmed for 1835 the description of "Insectorum novorum
exoticorum". Phillos. Mag. (3), 6: 280-281". So, the name Anoplistes Serville, 1833 is valid.
The occurrence of Dorcadion politum in European Russia was supposed by me (Althoff, Danilevsky, 1997)
on the base of a single male with a label: "Orenburg, 30.4.1963". Now the occurrence of D. politum in
Orenburg Region is proven by a series from the Asian part of Orenburg Region (5 males: Sol-Iletsk District,
25km southwards Pokrovka, 24-27.5.2002, L.Korzhikov leg.). My supposition of the species for European part of
Kazakhstan was evidently wrong.
Callimus angulatus was recorded for Ukraine by Zahaikevitch (1991: 85).
Ropalopus femoratus was recorded for Central Russia by Althoff and Danilevsky (1997) without any
comments. The species was recorded for SK of USSR by Plavilstshikov (1965) and was mentioned by Zahaikevitch
I've got two specimens of Phytoecia uncinata from Moldavia. According to G.Sama (2002), absent in Italy.
Dorcadion pusillum tanaiticum was described from South Russia (Rostov-on-Don environs) by
D.Kasatkin (2002). The author also proposed to regard Dorcadion pusillum var. berladense
Pic, 1903 described from Romania as a local subspecies.
Xylotrechus stebbingi was recorded for Greek mainland (Teunissen, 2002).
Monochamus galloprovincillis galloprovincillis was recorded for Sicily (Bellavista, 2001).
I do not know the description of Dorcadion meteorum Breuning. May be it was never published?
If so we have to accept the description of "allotype" and Dorcadion meteorum m. leucosuturale
Breuning, 1969 (Boll. Ent. Ass. Rom. 24, 1969:42, from Kalabaka, reg. Meteores), as the original description
of the species.
Neoclytus acuminatus was recorded for Hungary (Szeoke and Hegyi,2002).
Stromatium unicolor was introduced in Germany (Weigel, 1999).
Xylotrechus pantherinus was recorded for France (Peru and Leblanccal, 2000).
Calamobius filum was recorded for Belgium (Rouard, 2001). Now I do not remember my reasons to
mention the species for Poland (Althoff, Danilevsky, 1997). I've excluded Poland from the area of
Calamobius filum, until I find the corresponding note.
Dorcadion (Maculatodorcadion) "jansensi Heyrovský" was recorded for Greece by C.Pesarini
and Sabbadini (1994: 119). If it is Dorcadion (Maculatodorcadion) janssensi Breuning, 1966, which
was described after one male from "Anatolie, Nord-East, Tatos Daghlari, 2000 m, 20-V-1965, leg E. Janssens"
then it looks impossible for Greece. I do not know any reliable record for Europe.
According to Vives (2000, 2001), Iberodorcadion ferdinandi is Iberodorcadion (Baeticodorcadion),
but according to Romero Samper (2002), it is Iberodorcadion (Hispanodorcadion).
A.Villiers (1978) treated Iberodorcadion (= Baeticodorcadion = Hispanodorcadion)
as a subgenus of Dorcadion. Such position was recently supported by M.Tomé (2002).
According to A.Verdugo (2003), Iberodorcadion mucidum = Iberodorcadion annulicorne.
According to G.Sama (2002):
Prinobius myardi = Prinobius proksi
Acmaeops = Gnathacmaeops
Cortodera holosericea = Cortodera velutina; the species supposed for North Greece
Cortodera villosa = ? Cortodera nigrita
Stictoleptura Casey, 1924 = Corymbia = Melanoleptura = Batesiata
Oxypleurus nodieri = Oxypleurus pinicola (Canary Islans)
Callidium = Callidostola = Palaeocallidium
Poecilium = Phymatoderus = Phymatodellus = Paraphymatodes
Plagionotus = Echinocerus
Dorcadion pedestre = Dorcadion kaszabi
Mesosa = Aphelocnemia
Pogonocherus = Eupogonocherus = Pityphilus
Saperda = Anaerea = Compsidia = Argalia = Lopezcolonia
Phytoecia (Opsilia) molybdaena = Phytoecia (Opsilia) longitarsis
G.Sama (2002) supposed Leptura saucia, described from Crimea, (he evidently did not see the type)
to be a synonym of Vadonia bipunctata mulsantiana. In the case of the real synonymy the name
"saucia" is not valid because the name "mulsantiana" is in "prevailing usage" according to the
Art. 23.9.1 (ICZN, 1999).
According to G.Sama (2002): Agapanthia cardui = A. pannonica, but he accepts two
geographical morphology types of the species: "southern fenotype" and "northern fenotype". So, according to
his own position, Agapanthia pannonica is a northern subspecies. All old names, which G.Sama mentioned
for "northern fenotype" were described from the area of southern subspecies (which is very natural), so
Agapanthia pannonica (or Agapanthia cardui pannonica) is a valid name.
G.Sama (2002) accepted Ergates faber ssp. opifex (described from Africa) for Sicily and Calabria.
Carilia virginea (as Gaurotes), Cortodera aspromontana, Pidonia lurida,
Parmena unifasciata, Pogonocherus hispidulus, Acanthocinus henschii,
Saperda octopunctata were recorded for Greece; all records of Cortodera humeralis for
Greece were connected with Cortodera aspromontana (Sama, 2002).
Grammoptera ruficornis ssp. flavipes seems to be accepted for Sicily by G.Sama (2002).
Paracorymbia oblongomaculata (as Stictoleptura) was regarded as possible for Corsica (Sama, 2002).
G.Sama (2002) supposed Brachyleptura simplonica to be a species, and another supposition:
"Paracorymbia maculicornis ondreji ... could be identical to Paracorymbia simplonica or
belong to it as a subspecies."
According to G.Sama (2002), Clytus tropicus absent in Italy.
According to S.Sama (2002), Carinatodorcadion must be regarded as a genus on the base of
endophallus structure; Pedestredorcadion is also treated as a genus because it is "sufficiently
different" from Dorcadion s.str. From the other hand, Neodorcadion, Iberodorcadion,
Hispanodorcadion and Baeticodorcadion are declared so close to Pedestredorcadion
(because of the structure of a membrane between labrum and clypeus), that do not merit even subgeneric level.
The new synonymy was not proposed until "a complete revision".
According to G.Sama (2002), Dorcadion fulvum absent in Germany. The species was recorded for
Easten Germany by Plavilstshikov (1958).
Dorcadion aethiops absent in Italy, Germany, Switzerland and Poland. Still, it was recorded for
Switzerland by Plavilstshikov (1958) and Allenspach (1973), for Poland by Burakowski et al. (1990), for
Germany by Plavilstshikov (1958), for Italy by Bertolini (1899, after Sama, 1988).
According to G.Sama (2002): Agapanthiola is a genus; Agapanthia sicula is a species;
A. sicula malmerendii was supposed for Spain.
According to Sama (1988. 2002), Morimus funereus and Morimus verecundus are subspecies
of Morimus asper.
On the base of indirect arguments (without type study) G.Sama (2002) proposed to regard
Monochamus rosenmuelleri = Monochamus usussovi, istead of generally accepted before (Plavilstshikov,
1958) Monochamus sartor = Monochamus rosenmuelleri. Such name change of one of the most important
forest and wood pest can not be regarded as necessary and may cose a greate harm to the international forest
protection system and wood industry.
G.Sama (2002) supposed Caucasian Phytoecia icterica is not Phytoecia icterica,
but "different closely related species".
G.Sama (2002) supposed Caucasian Phytoecia icterica is not Phytoecia icterica, but
"different closely related species".
Oberea pedemontana koniensis Breuning, 1960 was described from Turkey.
Oberea maculicollis was "apparently collected in France (Berger, pers. comm.)" (Sama, 2002).
The attribution of Tetrops to Kirby (1826) by many authors was wrong (see Vives, 2000).
Tetrops Kirby, 1826 was described for Lamia tornator Fabricius, 1775
(= Cerambyx tetrophthalmus Forster, 1771) - now in Tetraopes.
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© September 29, 2003