[June 5 - July 5, 2000]
Being completely enchanted by Iran and its nature (Figures 1a, 1b) our group decided to visit the country again. To some extent
we visited localities that we already knew from the last expedition and had a closer look at some specific species. Naturally, we also
visited a number of places new for us and in this short report I would like to concentrate myself on them.
Figures 1a, 1b [Photo © M.Rejzek]
Ferula foetida, NW Iran, prov. Lorestan, Dorud 52km SE Borugerd,
33.25N 49.06E, 1740 m, 13.VI.2000.
After entering the country in Bazarghan we soon found out that our Nissan equipped with a catalyst will not work as there was no
unleaded petrol in the whole of Iran. We did not need more than three days of travelling by local buses with a container and asking
many people to find this information. When we were prepared to leave the country and go home for good we just gave try and phoned up
the Czech embassy in Tehran to ask about this problem. And indeed, quite soon we had the solution: an additive called CASPIAN. It is
not easy to get it in Iran but it works when mixed with normal petrol. And so we could start to search the great country.
Having crossed the NW provinces we arrived in Central Zagros mountains and stopped in a place called Dorud (Figure 2).
Knowing this place from the last year we easily found the best localities with quite a rich vegetation and found many interesting
species there: Pygoptosia eugeniae (Ganglbauer),
Neoplocaederus scapularis (Fischer von Waldheim),
Stictoleptura rufa dimidiata (J. Daniel),
Chlorophorus adelii Holzschuh, etc. We spent another few days in the Central Zagros and then left
for the North.
Figure 2 [Photo © M.Rejzek]
NW Iran, prov. Lorestan, Dorud 52km SE Borugerd, 33.25N 49.06E, 1740 m, 13.VI.2000.
Here, we visited a fantastic locality called Golestan forest (Figure 3).
It is an extensive area covered by a virgin broadleaf forest. The forest covers the
N facing slopes of Elborz mountains and certainly belongs to the most valuable places
of natural interest in Iran. Golestan forest is a temperate rainforest with
chestnut-leaved oak (Quercus castanaefolia), persian ironwood Parrotia
persica, hornbeam (Carpinus betulus), Zelkova crenata etc.; frequent
are scrub habitats and steppes with Artemisia spp., Astragalus spp.,
Acantholimon spp. etc., many of them endemic to Iran.
From a great number of insect species we collected there I would like to mention:
Necydalis sirexoides (Reitter),
Isotomus comptus maculicollis Holzschuh,
Acanthocinus elegans Ganglbauer,
Mesosa obscuricornis Pic,
Plagionotus lugubris (Ménétriés),
Plagionotus bartholomaei (Motschulsky),
Cerambyx multiplicatus Motschulsky,
Agapanthia persica Semenov,
Dissopachys pulvinata Reitter,
Molorchus monticola Plavilstshikov,
Pedostrangalia imperbis (Ménétriés), and
Asias chodjaii Holzschuh (Figure 4).
Figure 3 [Photo © M.Rejzek]
NE Iran, prov. Khorasan, Golestan forest 45 km NE Minudast, 37.23N 55.47E, 580 m, 16.VI.2000.
Figure 4 [Photo © M.Rejzek]
NE Iran, prov. Khorasan, Golestan forest 60 km NE Minudast, 37.19N 56.01E, 980 m, 19.VI.2000.
From E Elborz we travelled westwards along the Caspian Sea and stopped in a locality called Calus
(Figure 5) in Central Elborz. Here we collected in the forests along a road going to Tehran
and we searched a couple of places in different altitudes starting in about 250 metres and
ending in a pass in about 2 800 metres above the sea level. Here we met species such as:
Anisarthron cyrus Villiers, Exocentrus pseudopunctipennis
Holzschuh, Parandra caspia Ménétriés,
Leptura inermis (J. et K.Daniel), Rhamnusium graecum Schauffus,
Saperda maculosa Ménétriés, Rhagium pygmaeum
Ganglbauer, Semnosia jakovlevi Semenov, Agapanthia angelicae Reitter,
Xylotrechus sieversi Ganglbauer, and of course many
of the species we have already seen in Golestan forest.
Figure 5 [Photo © M.Rejzek]
N Iran, prov. Mazandaran, Calus, 36.34N 51.22E, 250-400 m, 21.-23.VI.2000.
The journey went on westwards until we reached the place were Elborz mountains meets
Talesh mountains. Here we stopped in a locality called Rudbar. Besides many species I have already
mentioned in this locality we saw: Alosterna scapularis
(Heyden), Anaglyptus ganglbaueri Reitter and
Paraclytus raddei (Ganglbauer). After entering the Talesh mountains we
reached Asalem forest (Figures 6, 7), an extensive area of a virgin forest, and started to search the
growths along a deep river valley. This locality undoubtedly belongs to the nicest places in N Iran. In addition
to the species present in all of N Iran, here we recorded: Leiopus kharazii Holzschuh,
and Stenocorus insitivus (Germar).
Figure 6 [Photo © M.Rejzek]
N Iran, prov. Gilan, Asalem 67 km NW Bandar-e Anzali, 37.41N 48.50E, 283 m, 29.-30.VI.2000.
Figure 7 [Photo © M.Rejzek]
N Iran, prov. Gilan, Asalem (pass), 37.37N 48.48E, 1630 m, 29.-30.VI.2000.