Agapanthia (Epoptes) cynarae (Germar, 1817)
ssp. cynarae (Germar, 1817)
[= Saperda Boeberi Fischer-Waldheim, 1806]
[= Saperda decora Krynicki, 1834]

Subfamilia: LAMIINAE  /  Tribus: AGAPANTHIINI
Agapanthia cynarae cynarae
[Photo © Daniel Rydzi]

Agapanthia cynarae, a broadly distributed xerothermic species common in South-Southeast Europe reaching Central Europe (where it is very rare), has been descibed from Rijeka (Fiume) environs as Saperda cynarae by Ernst Friedrich Germar in 1817 [▽]. The larvae develop, similar to other species of the genus Agapanthia, in the stems of various herbaceous plants (especially in thistles - Carduus, Cirsium, Onopordon, but also in other plants - Aconitum, Acanthus, etc.), rather in their lower part, where they also pupate. The pupal cell is separated by a seal from the shavings. Life cycle one year. Adults, active from May to July, can be found on the leaves and stems of host plants.

Currently, in addition to the nominate one, two other subspecies are known - Agapanthia (Epoptes) cynarae michaeli Sláma, 1986 (endemic of Crete) [❖] and Agapanthia (Epoptes) cynarae selengensis Danilevsky, 2021 (Eastern Siberia) [✧].

Body length:14 - 23 mm
Life cycle:1 year
Adults in:May - June
Host plant:broadly polyphagous in herbaceous plants
Distribution:Azerbaijan, Albania, Armenia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechia, Germany, Greece, Georgia, Hungary, Italy, Macedonia, Slovenia, Romania, Slovekia, Russia: South European Territory, Turkey, Ukraine, Serbia and Montenegro


The depicted beetles were photographed in Acrocorinth (Ακροκόρινθος) castle environs (Corinth, Corinthia regional unit, Peloponnese, Greece) on May 25, 2021 and in Daras (Δάρας) environs (Levidi minicipal unit, Tripoli, Arcadia regional unit, Peloponnese, Greece) on May 26, 2021.

Collected by Daniel Rydzi


[▽]
Germar E.F.:
Reise nach Dalmatien und in das Gebiet von Ragusa.
Leipzig, Brockhaus i-xii + 323pp, 1817. [download pdf icon]

[❖]
Sláma M.E.F.:
New taxa of the genus Agapanthia from the Mediterranean region (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae).
Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca 83: 465-472, 1986. [download pdf icon]

[✧]
Danilevsky M.L.:
New taxa of genus Agapanthia Audinet-Serville, 1835 (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae) from Kazakhstan and Siberia.
Humanity space - International Almanac 10 (4): 497-506, 2021. [download pdf icon]


Agapanthia cynarae cynarae
Agapanthia cynarae cynarae
[Photo © Daniel Rydzi]


 
SubfamiliaLamiinae Latreille, 1825
TribusAgapanthiini Mulsant, 1839
GenusAgapanthia Audinet-Serville, 1835
SubgenusEpoptes Gistl, 1857
SpeciesAgapanthia (Epoptes) cynarae (Germar, 1817)
SubspeciesAgapanthia (Epoptes) cynarae cynarae (Germar, 1817)