Aromia bungii (Faldermann, 1835)
[= Aromia cyanicornis Guérin-Méneville, 1844]
[= Callichroma ruficolle Redtenbacher, 1868]

Aromia bungii
[Photo © David Navrátil, click on the picture for 4K resolution]

Aromia bungii, a striking Southeast-Palaearctic/Oriental species occuring in China, Korea, Mongolia and Vietnam, has been described as Cerambyx Bungii from Mongolia by Franz Faldermann in 1835 [✮]. The larvae of A. bungii develop in living, often weakened deciduous trees. Thanks to its preference to the Rosaceae family in agricultural landscape (especially in the stone fruit trees of the genus Prunus) is A. bungii considered an important pest of fruit orchards (cherries, peaches, apricots, plums, etc.) in the countries of its original occurrence. Recently, this otherwise beautiful longhorn beetle has been introduced to Japan and Europe (Bavaria and Italy) recently and is generally considered a dangerous invasive species [❖][✳][▽][✧][✱].

Body length:23 - 37 mm
Life cycle:2 - 4 years
Adults in:March - August (depends on region)
Host plant:oligophagous in Rosaceae (especially Prunus species), reported also in Azadirachta, Bambusa, Castanea, Diospyros, Olea, Populus, Pterocarya, Punica, Salix, Schima etc.
Distribution:China, Korea, Mongolia and Vietnam, introduced to Japan and Europe (Germany, Italy)

The depicted beetles were collected in: ♂ - Xi Tian Mu Shan Mt./Hsi-t’ien-mu Shan (西天目山, Hangzhou city, Zhejiang province, China) on July 14, 2008; ♀ - Mt. Pukputae (2300 m a.s.l., Ryanggang province, North Korea) on July 3-14, 2008.

Collected by Jingke Li and local collector

Faldermann F.:
Coleopterorum ab illustrissimo Bungio in China boreali, Mongolia et montibus Alaicis collectorum, nec non ab ill. Turczaninoffio et Stschukino e provincia Irkutzk missorum illustrationes.
Mémoires présentés à l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint-Pétersbourg (Sixième Série), Sciences Mathématiques, Physiques et Naturelles 2: 337-464, 1835. [download pdf icon]

Burmeister E.-G., Hendrich L., Balke M.:
Der Asiatische Moschusbock Aromia bungii (FALDERMANN, 1835) – Erstfund für Deutschland (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae).
Nachrichtenblatt der Bayerischen Entomologen 61 (1/2): 2012. [download pdf icon]

Griffo R.:
Aromia bungii - Il Cerambycide dal corso rosso che attaca i frutteti.
Regione Campania, Assesorato Agricoltora leaflet, 2017. [download pdf icon]

Iwata R.:
Aromia bungii (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae): Taxonomy, distribution, biology and eradication.
Forest Pests 67 (6): 189-216, 2018. [download pdf icon]

Russo E., Nugnes F., Vicinanza F., Garonna A.P., Bernardo U.:
Biological and molecular characterization of Aromia bungii (Faldermann, 1835) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), an emerging pest of stone fruits in Europe.
Scientific Reports 10: 7112, 2020. [download pdf icon]

Cocquempot C.:
Aromia bungii [EPPO datasheet on pests recommended for regulation].
Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 45 (1), 4–8, 2015. [download pdf icon]

SubfamiliaCerambycinae Latreille, 1802
TribusCallichromatini Blanchard, 1845
GenusAromia Audinet-Serville, 1833
SpeciesAromia bungii (Faldermann, 1835)