Clytus (Clytus) kumalariensis Johanides, 2001

Subfamilia: CERAMBYCINAE  /  Tribus: CLYTINI
Clytus kumalariensis
[Photo © David Navrátil, click on the picture for 4K resolution]

Clytus kumalariensis has been described by our friend Martin Johanides [❖] from Şuhut district, Kumalar Dagi (Central Turkey). It is a species closely related to Clytus arietis (Linnaeus, 1758) and also the biology of both species is quite similar. The host plant of Clytus kumalariensis is oak (Quercus).

Young instar larvae feed in dead red-brown and relatively moisture rich wood in close contact with living tissue, such as the bases of dead branches surrounded by living callus. Later-instar larvae penetrate into the dry part of the dead branch more distal to the living tissue where they also pupate. This substrate differs visibly from the moist wood of the branch base and it comprises a petrified wood (barkless extremely compact and tenacious wood of white colour, poor in moisture content and fungal infestation). The combination of a moisture rich base and a petrified rest of a branch is only created under extremely hot climatic conditions and represents a very typical niche for a number of Cerambycidae species distributed in Asia Minor and Near East. These species are: Chlorophorus dinae Rapuzzi et Sama, 1999, Clytus kabateki Sama, 1997, and Pseudosphegesthes longitarsus Holzschuh, 1974.

Body length:10 - 14 mm
Life cycle:2 - 3 years
Adults in:June - July
Host plant:oak (Quercus)
Distribution:an endemic species to Central Turkey

Depicted beetles (paratypes) were collected in Başören village environs (1600-1880 m a.s.l., Şuhut district, Afyonkarahisar Province, West Turkey) on May 28-29, 1996.

Collected by Vladimír Čelikovský

Johanides M.:
Clytus kumalariensis sp. n. (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae).
Biocosme Mésogéen (Nice) 17 (3): 219-224, 2001. [download pdf icon]

Özdikmen H., Turgut S.:
A synopsis of Turkish Clytus Laicharting, 1784 and Sphegoclytus Sama, 2005 with zoogeographical remarks (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Cerambycinae).
Munis Entomology & Zoology Journal 4 (2): 353-370, 2009. [download pdf icon]

Clytus kumalariensis
[Photo © Michal Hoskovec, Fuji Superia 200 35 mm film scan]
Clytus kumalariensis
Clytus kumalariensis
[Photo © Michal Hoskovec, Fuji Superia 200 35 mm film scan]

SubfamiliaCerambycinae Latreille, 1802
TribusClytini Mulsant, 1839
GenusClytus Laicharting, 1784
SubgenusClytus Laicharting, 1784
SpeciesClytus (Clytus) kumalariensis Johanides, 2001