Phymatodes (Phymatoderus) lividus (Rossi, 1794)
[= Poecilium lividum (Rossi, 1794)]

Phymatodes lividus
[Photo © Tamás Németh]

Phymatodes lividus, a xerothermic species distributed from South-West Europe to Caucasus (and relatively common in whole Mediterranean), has been described from Italy as Callidium Lividum by Pietro Rossi in 1794 [✧]. Biology similar to Phymatodes testaceus (Linnaeus, 1758), mostly in dead branches of smaller diameters (2-6 cm) in standing trees. P. lividus larvae feed subcortically and pupate in a hook-shaped pupal cell deep in the wood. In the absence of other suitable material, the female lays eggs in the same wood, so that several generations can develop in the same wood in a row. Adults, active from April to July, are nocturnal and can be beaten from the host trees [❖].

Body length:5 - 12 mm
Life cycle:2 years
Adults in:April - July
Host plant:polyphagous in deciduous trees (Quercus, Castanea, Ulmus, Aesculus, Fagus etc.)
Distribution:SW/SE Europe, Asia Minor, North Africa, Caucasus

The depicted beetle was reared from larva collected in Sicily in 2015.

Collected by Tamás Németh

Rossi P.:
Mantissa Insectorum, exhibens species nuper in Etruria collectas a Petro Rossio adiectis faunae Etruscae illustrationibus, ac emendationibus.
Prosperi, Pisa 2: 1-154, 1794. [download pdf icon]

Sláma M.E.F.:
Tesaříkovití – Cerambycidae České republiky a Slovenské republiky.
[ Cerambycidae of the Czech Republic and Slovak Republic. ]
Milan Sláma private printing, Krhanice, 383pp [page 146-147], 1998 [ISBN: 80-238-2627-1]. [download pdf icon]

Phymatodes lividus
[Photo © P.Jelínek]

SubfamiliaCerambycinae Latreille, 1802
TribusCallidiini Mulsant, 1839
GenusPhymatodes Mulsant, 1839
SubgenusPhymatoderus Reitter, 1913
SpeciesPhymatodes (Phymatoderus) lividus (Rossi, 1794)