Stenopterus rufus (Linnaeus, 1767)
ssp. rufus (Linnaeus, 1767)

Stenopterus rufus rufus
[Photo © Daniel Rydzi]
Stenopterus rufus rufus
[Photo © Udo Schmidt]

Stenopterus rufus is a xerothermic Euro-Turanian species, widespread from Portugal to Turkmenistan, with two "real" subspecies (S. rufus transcaspicus Lazarev, 2008 and S. rufus syriacus Pic, 1892). The third one, S. r. geniculatus Kraatz, 1863), is illusory since specimens with the same characters are also frequently collected from Spain to Germany or the Netherlands, where they are even predominant. Moreover, perfectly typical ones are found in the Balkans, Anatolia and even in the typical series of geniculatus (excerpted from [✧]). The nominotypical subspecies is distributed in warm regions of Central and West Europe and almost whole Mediterranean region.

Larvae of S. rufus develop in dead branches of many deciduous trees and shrubs, pupation in pupal cell in the wood during spring. Life-cycle two years. Adults, active from late spring May to August, are diurnal and anthophilous (typically on Achillea or Apiaceae) [❖].

Body length:7 - 16 mm
Life cycle:2 years
Adults in:May - August
Host plant:polyphagous in deciduous trees (Quercus, Castanea, Robinia, Juglans, Prunus, Salix, Pistacia etc.)
Distribution:Austria, Belgium, Bosnia Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechia, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Moldavia, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Russia, Switzerland, Ukraine, Canary Islands

The depicted living beetles were photographed on flowers in Mcely village environs (Nymburk district, Central Bohemia Czechia) on June 1, 2019. The mounted specimen was captured in environs (Calvi canton, Haute-Corse, Corsica, France) in summwer 1973.

Collected by Daniel Rydzi and Udo Schmidt

Vitali F.:
Atlas of the Insects of the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg: Coleoptera, Cerambycidae.
Ferrantia, Musée national d’histoire naturelle, Luxembourg 79: 1-208 [pages 48-49], 2018. [download pdf icon]

Sláma M.E.F.:
Tesaříkovití – Cerambycidae České republiky a Slovenské republiky / Cerambycidae of the Czech Republic and Slovak Republic.
Milan Sláma private printing, Krhanice, 383pp [pages 116-117], 1998 [ISBN: 80-238-2627-1]. [download pdf icon]

Stenopterus rufus rufus
Stenopterus rufus rufus
Stenopterus rufus rufus
[Photo © Daniel Rydzi]

SubfamiliaCerambycinae Latreille, 1802
TribusStenopterini Fairmaire, 1868
GenusStenopterus Illiger, 1804
SpeciesStenopterus rufus (Linnaeus, 1767)
SubspeciesStenopterus rufus rufus (Linnaeus, 1767)